West Papua Flag

flag of west papua

West Papua Flag – Throwing again the historical past, after declaring independence on August 17th, 1945, Indonesia nonetheless fought arduous as a result of the Dutch didn’t acknowledge the independence of West Irian and thought of that Indonesia was nonetheless its colony. The wrestle to liberate West Irian didn’t occur. Varied army aggression occurred between the folks of Indonesia and the Netherlands for 13 years (1949-1962) which purpose to return West Irian to Indonesia.

This more and more sophisticated dispute took the eye of the United Nations. At the moment, the United Nations itself was solely round four years outdated. With a mission to take care of peace, the United Nations of 6 States (Republic of the Republic of China, France, Soviet Union, United Kingdom and the USA) involved concerning the situations of native communities as a result of West Irian battle.

How did the UN assist to beat the dispute?  

In accordance with the path of the United Nations, the Netherlands, Indonesia and the native communities of West Irian agreed on the New York settlement which contained the switch of Dutch administrative energy to the United Nations which was then represented by UNTEA (United Nations Short-term Government Authority).

The settlement additionally contained the method for realizing rights and self-determination of indigenous Papuans. After the New York settlement was applied, the Dutch then departed from West Irian and eventually the folks of West Irian may decide their very own destiny West Papua Flag

The implementation of The Act of Free Selection  with UN supervision

To resolve the issues in West Irian, the UN by UNTEA supplied free alternative in ways in which meet worldwide requirements wherein one individual represents one vote (One man One Vote) within the Act of Free Selection. At the moment, UNTEA was represented by Dr.Djalal Abdoh, an Iranian nationwide. The vote was carried out to debate whether or not West Irian needed to face as an impartial state or be part of as part of Indonesia.

On 14 July-2 August 1969, a complete of 1,026 members of The Act of Free Selection Deliberation Council (DMP) voted representing 815,904 folks in West Irian. The United Nations ensured that the DMP consists of 400 representatives of tribal / customary heads, 360 folks from representatives of regional communities and likewise 266 folks from teams of mass organizations or political events.

From the outcomes of the vote which was supervised by the United Nations and democratically applied, the bulk selected to unite with Indonesia. West Irian or now referred to as West Papua then grew to become the a part of the Republic of Indonesia. Not all West Papuans agreed to affix Indonesia, however the majority vote was based mostly on an open vote which ultimately made West Papua one of many provinces in Indonesia. So that is the place to begin for the emergence of the Free Papua Motion (OPM) West Papua Flag

West Papua Conflict

West Papua Conflict – Vanuatu’s Particular Envoy for West Papua

The Republic of Vanuatu is looking for help from different Pacific islands in direction of a UN Normal Meeting decision calling for the best for self-determination for West Papua, to be introduced on the 74th session on eighth September 2019. West Papua’s independence motion seeks a referendum to vote on independence from Indonesian rule. The draft textual content was introduced final week on the Pacific international ministers’ assembly in Apia, by Vanuatu’s international minister, Ralph Regenvanu.
Vanuatu additionally appointed a particular envoy for West Papua, Lauri Lini, whose father is named the founding father of Vanuatu. The transfer was welcomed by the United Liberation Motion of West Papua (ULMWP).

 

Vanuatu Intervenes Indonesia’s Home Affairs
The Indonesian authorities doesn’t help of the Vanuatu actions. Vanuatu all the time engaged in an open battle within the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), in Geneva, Switzerland about human rights problem in Papua. Indonesia shouldn’t be happy with Vanuatu’s stance to hold out the curiosity of separatism by way of the politicization of the human rights problem in Papua.

Image result for vanuatu west papua

On three March 2017, the Indonesian delegates conveyed their condemnation when attending the aspect occasions held by Vanuatu and Solomon Islands on the sidelines of the 34th Session of UNHRC in Geneva. The Everlasting Mission of the Republic of Indonesia in Geneva (Perwakilan Tetap Republik Indonesia or PTRI) on their press assertion obtained by Kompas.com in Cairo, Egypt, reported, the Indonesian delegates within the discussion board expressed their denial of the allegations made by numerous events concerning the human rights scenario in Indonesia and within the two provinces of Papua and West Papua. The arguments that Indonesia gave embody that Indonesia shouldn’t be a colonial state and has by no means been a colonial state. The bilateral relationship between Indonesia and Vanuatu should be primarily based on mutual respect for his or her respective sovereignty and territorial integrity.

In addition they name on Vanuatu to uphold and respect the fundamental ideas of human rights in accordance with their dedication and help to the UN Normal Meeting Decision 60/251 to not politicize human rights, particularly politicization of human rights points by way of separatist aspirations expressed by numerous panelists together with the United Liberation Motion of West Papua (ULMWP) or the Persatuan Gerakan Pembebasan Papua Barat.

Aligns by emphasizing that Indonesia has constructive cooperation with all UN human rights mechanisms together with the UN Particular Rapporteur (SR) on human rights shatters the claims of a number of panelists that Indonesia shouldn’t be cooperating with the UN human rights mechanism particularly regarding Papua. The concept of organizing this aspect occasion is in Vanuatu’s political pursuits.

Even one of many delegates from different nations who additionally attended the aspect occasion strongly opposed the help for separatism carried out by Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands in UNHRC. He defined that the decision of the institution of the UNHRC (UN Normal Meeting Decision No. 60/251) contained the ideas of cooperation and dialogue to boost the capability of UN member states to enhance the human rights scenario on the earth. He was involved that Vanuatu had promoted the aspirations of Papuan separatism.

The provinces of Papua and West Papua are integral areas of Indonesia the place the method of figuring out one’s personal future has been accomplished and is acknowledged internationally by the United Nations. Thus, efforts to politicize human rights points for separatism campaigns will not be acceptable.

 

Vanuatu’s Socialism vs Indonesia’s Pancasila

Vanuatu persistency to help separatists teams could be as a result of they aspire to insist the socialism ideology: the place every Melanesian individuals could be free & equal.
Walter Lini, Vanuatu’s “Father of Proclamation” created the idea of “Melanesian Socialism” for the Melanesian race and the Southern Pacific area. He believed that the ideology of socialism is probably the most appropriate ideology for the Melanesian race as a result of it helps widespread possession quite than particular person possession. The idea of “Melanesian Socialism” then developed into an effort to unite the Melanesian-race nations.

In response to Mark J. Perry, a scholar on the American Enterprise Institute, socialism is the Massive Lie of the Twentieth century. Whereas it promised prosperity, equality, and safety, it delivered poverty, distress, and tyranny. Equality was achieved solely within the sense that everybody was equal in his or her distress. Socialism doesn’t work as a result of it’s not in keeping with elementary ideas of human conduct. The failure of socialism in nations all over the world could be traced to 1 vital defect: it’s a system that ignores incentives.

Below socialism, incentives both play a minimal function or are ignored completely. A centrally deliberate economic system with out market costs or earnings, the place property is owned by the state, is a system with out an efficient incentive mechanism to direct financial exercise. By failing to emphasise incentives, socialism is a principle inconsistent with human nature and is subsequently doomed to fail.
If Vanuatu stored insists in utilizing Socialism ideology as their massive why to defend West Papua, it may cost a little on extra poverty and distress in West Papua. The historical past proved how the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the Berlin Wall got here down in 1989, and China was opening up its economic system to world commerce and re-established the Shanghai Inventory Alternate in 1990.

Vanuatu’s makes an attempt of socialism has no appreciation of the occasions of the late 1980s and early 1990s that moved the world within the route of capitalism and had been falling onerous for the fanciful pipe-dream of socialism.
Years in the past earlier than Vanuatu declared its independence in 1980 and held its socialism mission, Indonesia has been fashioned and have become a united nation. What Vanuatu have to grasp is how 17,504 islands, 1,340 tribes, and 742 languages referred to as themselves as Indonesia?

The founding fathers of the Republic of Indonesia had declared Pancasila as the fundamental precept and the unique values guiding the lifetime of the individuals of the Nusantara Archipelago. Though these individuals encompass many ethnic entities every with its personal tradition, that they had the values of Pancasila as a standard denominator. Identical to members of a household, the place no person is equal and every has its variations. Nonetheless they’re all united within the one massive household. The individuals of Indonesia are totally different, one from the opposite, however they’re united in a single nation. They’re Totally different of their Unity and United of their Variations. (Perbedaan dalam Kesatuan, Kesatuan dalam Perbedaan) West Papua Battle

Step one to implement Pancasila was by creating the one motto for Indonesia which is: Bhinneka Tunggal Eka or Unity in Variety. For the reason that begin of its independency, Indonesia has proven and utilized Pancasila’s worth. It was used to unify individuals from various spiritual, social and ethnic backgrounds. It was used to rally individuals in opposition to the Dutch and varied rebellions within the 1950s and 1960s. It was additionally used to mood the minorities’ fears of a tyranny of the bulk by stressing the spiritual concord, humanism, and equality amongst individuals from varied backgrounds.

West Papua is residence to round 312 totally different tribes, together with some uncontacted peoples. The variety of individuals in West Papuan has already proven how Pancasila can unify all of them beneath one roof. Then, who’re those who acknowledged Pancasila worth for Papua? Most of Papuans, besides the separatists group, respect & imagine in Pancasila.
In June 2018, the Dewan Adat Papua (Papuan Customary Council, DAP) established the Bung Karno Group Academy in Wamena, Papua. The institution of this college-level instructional establishment is with a view to re-ground the values of Pancasila within the land of Papua.

As different Indonesians, individuals in Papua are additionally celebrating the born day of Pancasila on 1 June 2017 from native authorities to customary establishments, from the council of elders and chiefs to mama-mama Papua (Papuan’s girls).

“Because the tribal chief, I’m able to defend Pancasila as the idea of the state. Whoever interferes with the unity of the Republic of Indonesia in Papua should take care of me,” stated Lenis Kogoya, the pinnacle of Customary Deliberative Council (Indonesian: Lembaga Masyarakat Adat/LMA) .

Our cross-cultural variations shouldn’t be influenced by radical ideas, neither by the separatists group (Free Papua Group/Organisasi Papua Merdeka or OPM) nor Vanuatu. Because the Republic of Indonesia, we declare our independence with Pancasila as our ideology West Papua Battle

West Papua Genocide

west papua genocide

West Papua Genocide – The liberty of international media to cowl West Papua subject is as soon as once more reheated by separatist teams. With claims similar to human proper violations, this subject has been used a device for these teams to hunt worldwide consideration.

In Might 2015, President Jokowi introduced that international journalists have been free to go to West Papua similar to some other area in Indonesia. It’s required for international journalists to finish their Go to and VISA Permits.

Then is it true that journalists are prohibited from coming into Papua? In truth, in 2013, there have been 354 journalist visas to Indonesia, 28 of which have been to Papua and West Papua. in 2014 27 journalists got here to Papua and solely 5 of them have been refused because of administrative incompleteness. Whereas in 2015, all journalists purposes have been accepted.

Lately, Agustinus Makabori, the Head of Keep Allow Division of Immigration Workplace Jayapura, stated 176 international residents prolong their go to allow from January to August 2018. Based on him, the Immigration Workplace Jayapura has issued 74 permits, six ITAP (Izin Tinggal Permanen or Everlasting Keep Allow) and 206 ITAS (Izin Tinggal terbatas or Restricted Keep Allow) extensions.

Some journalists who’ve come to Indonesia quoted from www.hrw.org have been as follows:

Marie Dhumieres, a Jakarta-based French correspondent, obtained a police allow to go to Papua in September 2015.
Cyril Payen, the Bangkok-based correspondent for France 24 tv
Johnny Blades and Koroi Hawkins of Radio New Zealand in 2015
Morgan Mellish, Australian journalist with ABC Jakarta correspondent Geoff Thompson and The Australian’s Jakarta correspondent Stephen Fitzpatrick in 2006.
Kresna Astraatmadja, an Indonesian tv producer who labored on a French actuality present filmed on a small island close to Raja Ampat, Papua.
Hamish Macdonald of Australia’s The Saturday Paper journey in 2014 with an Related Press correspondent
Mark Davis, correspondent for Australia’s SBS Information in 2014

One of many journalists, Cyril Payen was even stunned on the ease when registering his visa. He stated that the Indonesian Embassy in Bangkok processed his utility for a journalist visa to go to in 15 days and that his reporting journey occurred with none harassment or interference.

“They gave me a press visa and the embassy stated you need not go to police, or go to immigration [when you are in Papua].” Whether or not I used to be fortunate or not, I do not know. They actually opened up. [The embassy staffer] stated, “Simply go, there are not any extra restrictions,” stated Cyril Payen.

The Origins of Restrictions on Overseas Journalists
Indonesian authorities restrictions on international media return to the nation’s first president, Sukarno (1945-1966), who required all potential international correspondents to amass journalist visas earlier than touring to Indonesia.

Whereas the rigor and attain of the restrictions, in Papua as elsewhere in Indonesia, have assorted with political developments within the nation, Papua has been deemed off-limits to journalists extra usually than nearly some other area.

Issues with the function of international journalists in Papua existed even earlier than Indonesia took management of the area in 1963. When making a speech supporting Indonesian management over West New Guinea in Yogyakarta on Might 4, 1963, Sukarno lambasted “international journalists who wrote that West Irian folks dislike Indonesia, that they like the Dutch.” Sukarno stated that these journalists have been “arbitrary of their writing.”

Indonesian officers have been significantly suspicious of the intentions of Australian journalists looking for to report from Papua. Former Indonesian Overseas Minister Ali Alatas (1988-1999) accused Australian media of being overtly sympathetic to Papuan independence of their reporting on the area within the 1960s:
The Australian press usually was in favor of the Dutch place in Papua, and due to this fact lots of them fairly often wrote articles that have been important of Indonesia and damaging of the Indonesian place and plenty of of them needed to pay with sometimes being declared persona non grata.
The federal government additional tightened its entry restrictions to Papua by international correspondents within the run-up to and in the course of the 1969 Act of Free Alternative. The Indonesian authorities introduced dozens of international journalists to Papua in a tightly managed press tour in 1968 during which every journalist was accompanied by two navy minders.

These restrictions prompted the Jakarta Overseas Correspondents Membership to lodge a proper protest with the Ministry of Data.] The Indonesian authorities restricted international correspondents’ entry to Papua to tightly managed “guided excursions organized by way of the navy,” which intimidated potential sources into silence, in keeping with journalist complaints. In his guide By-Strains, Balibo, Bali Bombings: Australian Journalists in Indonesia, Ross Tapsell, noting the affect of these restrictions after 1969, concluded: “Papua was successfully sealed off from the surface world.”

Throughout the “New Order” authorities of President Suharto (1965-1998), visas for international correspondents particularly excluded their entry to “outer areas” of the nation together with East Timor, Papua and Aceh. Entry to these areas required a surat jalan (journey doc) supplied by both a high-ranking authorities official or the Ministry of Data.

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, international correspondents permitted entry to Papua and different “outer area” battle areas complained of the navy’s “ways of intimidating journalists.”
In some unspecified time in the future in the course of the New Order interval, the method for vetting journalists looking for entry to Papua was formally centralized within the clearing home described within the following part.

Throughout the New Order period, journalists’ freedom was nearly fully restricted to each international journalists and home journalists. The collapse of the New Order introduced contemporary air to Indonesian journalism; many enhancements made by the Authorities. For the reason that Reformation Period so far, the press in Indonesia really enjoys their freedom; together with international press.

 

Restriction in West Papua for Journalist

The Indonesian authorities could be very strict in giving international journalists permission to West Papua contemplating this area could be very susceptible to separatist actions, which demand the discharge of West Papua and endanger the sovereignty of Republic Indonesia. Nevertheless, if you’re a journalist who doesn’t have political and financial pursuits, you possibly can go to West Papua. Following are the procedures for visiting journalists in West Papua (taken from the Istanbul Consulate):

Journalist Go to
​​Overseas journalists with intention to do information protection, information photograph, or different type of journalist visits in Indonesia should first apply for a allow earlier than making use of journalist visa.

 

APPLYING JOURNALIST PERMIT

Submit an official letter with firm letterhead, addressed to the Consul Basic of the Republic of Indonesia. The letter ought to state the aim, place and date of the protection, plan of publication and launch, and title, deal with, and make contact with variety of native companion/media colleague in Indonesia (have to be an Indonesian citizen).

On the Indonesia Ministry of Overseas web site kemlu.go.id, search for your nation’s consul common. For instance if you’re from Istanbul, then you possibly can register by way of this hyperlink https://www.kemlu.go.id/istanbul/en/Pages/Journalist-Go to.aspx
Present your organization profile.
Present listing of interviewee or reference of the protection and approval letter from the interviewee.
Present pattern of earlier works on Indonesia (if any). Please present the hyperlink or ship it in a media (DVD or USB storage).
Submit all paperwork in softcopy kind (PDF or JPEG) to [email protected] if you’re from Istanbul
The dimensions of mixed paperwork should not exceed 10 MB. Ship into separate e-mail if exceed 10 MB.

The submitted paperwork are topic to evaluate from the Consulate Basic of Indonesia in Istanbul and, if mandatory, the Consulate could conduct an interview with the applicant.
The reviewed paperwork can be submitted to associated establishments in Jakarta, who will determine on the standing of allow utility.
Upon receiving info of the allow utility standing, the Consulate will notify the applicant. If the applying is permitted, the Consulate should first obtain formal allow approval and visa authorization from Jakarta earlier than the applicant can provoke the journalist visa utility process on the Consulate Basic of Indonesia in Istanbul. Please be aware, to keep away from any delay, the applicant’s native companion could course of the visa authorization to the Ministry of Regulation and Human Rights in Jakarta West Papua Genocide

West Papua

West Papua – Jakub Fabian Skrzypski, a Polish citizen, was formally a suspect of treason and smuggler of firearms and ammunition for the Free Papua separatist group since August 26, 2018. This suspicion was made in line with witness testimony, quick messages on cell telephones and taking pictures workout routines video. Skrzypski who entered Indonesia utilizing a vacationer visa is believed to have lengthy been in a relationship with the separatist group hiding in Papua New Guinea and had mentioned arms gross sales. After a protracted silence, the Polish Overseas Ministry lastly responded to the cost of treason in opposition to Skrzypski and claimed that his nation would cooperate with Indonesia to deal with this case.

Based mostly on data supplied by the Police Headquarters Public Relations Division, Skrzypski is definitely a contract journalist. Though his arrival didn’t use a piece visa, Skrzypski got here to Indonesia is claimed particularly to have protection of the Armed Prison Group. The arrest of Skrzypski was additionally accompanied by the arrest of a number of Papuans individually.

Head of the Indonesian Nationwide Police Headquarters Info Bureau Dedi Prasetyo revealed that Skrzypski knew concerning the separatist group from Fb. At the moment, Skrzypski supplied his experience to make documentation. The police additionally monitored Skrzypski’s dialog with the separatist group on Twitter. In line with Prasetyo, Skrzypski was the primary to take the initiative to supply his help to the separatist group. Afterward, the teams then requested Skrzypski to do the protection.

This protection was deliberately carried out on the request of the separatist group, which was directed to focus on the actions of the Indonesian safety forces that had been thought of extreme. The outcomes of the protection are anticipated to develop into viral after being thrown into social media. Information and footage will even be bought to any overseas media concerned with Skrzypski’s protection. The purpose is to construct the problem of West Papua separatism changing into more and more massive within the worldwide media.

Nonetheless, earlier than Skrzypski protection is finished, the Police had detained him for allegedly smuggling firearms and ammunitions. This sudden detaining had stirred a variety of voices from worldwide media. APNews has written about him as a vacationer however then defined how Indonesia has banned a variety of overseas journalists from coming into Papua and West Papua (August 29, 2018). Stephen Wright from Related Press has written about Skrzypski as “an idealistic vacationer with no cash to his title” and that his case is definitely “very weak” (September 24, 2018), as an alternative of calling him “a journalist”.

TAPOL, a human rights group, defended Skrzypski’s arrival in West Papua and referred to as him a vacationer who carelessly utilized in battle areas. In addition they talked about that Skrzypski had an inclination to go to harmful areas in varied elements of the world. This was supported by a press release from a pal of Skrzypski who acknowledged that he’s an explorer, likes excessive issues, has a excessive spirit of studying different languages ​​and cultures, and can also be concerned with humanitarian points.

Jakub Fabian Skrzypski

Skrzypski’s background story has truly strengthens the notion that Skrzypski did have a variety of expertise in serving to varied separatism points around the globe to rise to the worldwide world. As well as, this additionally reveals the obsession of the separatist teams of Papua Liberation Motion to boost points globally as a way to get a variety of assist.

No matter Skrzypski’s tendency and nonetheless TAPOL calls this an unjust act, the Indonesian Nationwide Police has inaugurated Skrzypski as a suspect. This arrest shouldn’t be one thing that’s carried out arbitrarily however is a follow-up of the proof that already exists. Skrzypski additionally used the Embassy consular service to assist him get authorized counsel, a translator, and as a median in his communication with the Indonesian Police. Calling Skrzypski as a mere “careless vacationer” appeared to underestimate the flexibility of the Indonesian Police investigators. Furthermore, his “careless” actions threatened him with life imprisonment primarily based on regulation in Indonesia.

It’s also unlucky that a variety of overseas media leaping into the wagon of blaming Indonesia’s “conservative motion” in opposition to travellers and media to go to Papua. As a result of in the event that they took time to search for the details, President Jokowi has been opening the door for overseas media to go to Papua and West Papua since 2015. Indonesia has additionally been selling Papua for vacationer go to lots currently. Nonetheless, Papua and West Papua are nonetheless within the state of battle till at the moment. Vacationers ought to take a variety of precautions earlier than they go to; it’s for their very own good and their very own security. As a substitute of writing information solely via overseas eyes, it’s higher if overseas media additionally interview native sources to get extra views. Thus, the media can preserve the stability and neutrality of the information they write west papua

Free West Papua

Free West Papua – Throughout the administration of President Habibie, Timor-Leste was likened to “a pebble contained in the footwear”. The identical factor may occur to Papua. If not dealt with critically, the destiny of Papua might be like East Timor.

So the primary day after being inaugurated, the Working Cupboard on Politics, Legislation and Safety held a coordination assembly. One of many essential agenda mentioned within the inaugural coordination assembly was the difficulty of Papuan growth and the existence of separatist actions within the area. This drawback is raised by three ministries on the similar time beneath the Coordinating Ministry for Politics, Legislation and Safety. The Ministry of Residence Affairs and the Ministry of Overseas Affairs reported on the event in Papua and the issues that should be resolved, whereas the Nationwide Police and the TNI elevate the difficulty of separatism.

Separatism Motion will not be an Impression Free West Papua

Possibly many events nonetheless suppose that the separatist motion in Papua is the impression of the gradual growth in Papua. However as time goes by, what’s assumed to be the ‘an impression’, really is extra applicable to be known as ‘the inhibiting issue of growth’. Historical past proves that separatism was intentionally planted and watered, and developed by the colonial nation of their traditional technique, specifically “divide et impera” (actually means “divide and rule”, in politics and sociology is gaining and sustaining energy by breaking apart bigger concentrations of energy into items that individually have much less energy than the one implementing the technique).

Whether it is true that the existence of the separatist motion is an impression, then logically with a contact of growth that’s so intense in numerous elements of life, separatism will fade by itself. However the truth is, separatism in Papua appears to be immediately proportional to the incessant growth. That’s, the extra vigorous growth is carried out, the extra aggressive the calls for of the separatists to separate themselves from the Republic of Indonesia.

Simply have a look at the variety of shootings and assaults towards safety forces by armed Free Papua Group prior to now 4 years, they proceed to extend. Likewise, that is additionally occurred to the calls for of the referendum that have been carried out in numerous methods and more and more intense to the worldwide world. Even two Prime Ministers from Vanuatu (Kalosil Moana Carcasses and successor Joe Natuman) have voiced the calls for of impartial Papua all this yr within the UN Basic Meeting Session. To not point out different establishments on the regional degree which might be additionally aggressively supporting the impartial Papua motion, such because the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG), the Parliamentarian Caucus for West Papua (IPWP), the Worldwide Human Rights Fee (IHRC) in Asia, and lots of others .

Which means that the separatist motion in Papua is not solely carried out by Papuans whose concepts are nonetheless at odds, however has change into a joint agenda involving a lot of curiosity from teams overseas. In order that regulation enforcement towards perpetrators of treason in Papua should even be accompanied by “taming” overseas actors.

These information are essential to be a file of the Jokowi-JK Working Cupboard, particularly the ministry which immediately offers with the Papuan subject. As a result of in case you wrongly diagnose the issue, the answer is definitely not going to unravel the issue. Hopefully Free West Papua

West Papua News

West Papua News – There have been information and knowledge circulated that Indonesian safety officers, consisted of their army and police, had arrested and interrogated a Polish vacationer for visiting West Papua. The query are what did really occur and what’s the actual purpose behind the seize? Listed below are the information!

A police report describes Jakub Fabian Skrzypski as a journalist who was involved with Papuan separatists. A army report additionally mentioned he was detained a number of days in the past in Papua province following the arrests of 5 Papuans who had a amount of ammunition.

Skrzypski, a Polish vacationer, is being investigated by the Papuan Regional Police investigators for visiting a separatist group on the central mountainous area of Papua. Papua Police Chief, Inspector Normal Martuani Sormin, who was met in Wamena, the capital of Jayawijaya Regency, Tuesday (08/28/2018), mentioned they have been nonetheless finishing up intensive checks on the Polish vacationer for violating the immigration legal guidelines.

“For full info, I’ve not but been capable of clarify intimately as a result of the particular person in query remains to be present process inspection on the Papua Regional Police. Later, if there’s proof, we are going to convey it. The purpose is that the foreigner remains to be being investigated,” he mentioned.

The mentioned vacationer is staying on the Papua Regional Police Headquarters in Jayapura Metropolis as for now. Data gathered from numerous sources mentioned that the Papua Regional Police arrested Skrzypski for allegedly participating in unlawful acts within the Jayawijaya Regency space.

The Polish citizen, who normally lives in Switzerland, was beforehand secured within the Napua District on Saturday 25 August, when he was about to go to the vacationer website of Lake Habema.

The international citizen was then introduced into custody on the Jayawijaya Police Station however was finally launched. On Sunday 26 August, JF was once more captured by the Jayawijaya Regional Police personnel at a resort in Wamena together with 5 who have been arrested at completely different locations West Papua Information

From the beginning, there was no such factor as restrictions for vacationers to go to go to West Papua. Even Jakub Fabian Skrzypski may simply accessed the realm. West Papua is similar like some other areas in Indonesia. It’s open for vacationers to get pleasure from and indulge themselves within the atmospheric great thing about West Papua.

In keeping with sources from the Directorate Normal of Immigration and the Central Statistical Company or BPS ( reprocessed by the Tourism Ministry), there was a 3.47% improve of vacationer development visiting Papua from 56.724 in 2017 to 58.690 in 2018 (of months January-June). And from all of those numbers, none of which have been arrested simply because they visited the place. Papua and West Papua are well-known for his or her pure magnificence, tradition, and different world-class tourism websites. No surprise that the variety of vacationers go to to the area remains to be rising.

Therefore, why did the Polish vacationer get arrested? The reply is just because he was concerned in an unlawful and probably hostile exercise with separatist teams. This isn’t the typical crime. It was an act of felony that might threaten not solely the safety of the local people, but in addition nationwide safety as effectively.

Any information circulating the online relating to vacationers prohibited to enter the West Papua area misunderstood the scenario. The Polish vacationer was solely then arrested for his involvement in suspicious exercise with the separatist group. Each vacationers exercise in Indonesia should be held accountable and that is additionally unwritten norm that’s could as effectively moderately accepted in all international locations West Papua Information

West Papua Music

West Papua Music – The celebration of Indonesia’s 73rd Independence Day confirmed how Indonesia has been passing essential phases all through the last decade to get its final nationwide unity. Nonetheless, Indonesia has to face obstacles & have an extended strategy to go to take care of its cohesive id as a nation comprised of many alternative ethnic teams.

On August 15, 2018, two days earlier than Indonesia’s Independence Day, demonstrations had been held at Indonesian embassies within the UK and the Netherlands by the Free West Papua group.

Vanuatu, as considered one of Indonesia’s neighbor, made the scenario worse by constantly offering help to the United Liberation Motion for West Papua (ULMWP). This was confirmed by the total help of Vanuatu in organizing the primary ULMWP Summit in Port Vila, Vanuatu on 27 November – three December 2017. Vanuatu had usually accused Indonesia carried out human rights abuses of West Papua at a number of UN boards.

ULMWP itself is an umbrella group for 3 main pro-independence Papuan teams, particularly the the Federal Republic of West Papua (Indonesian: Negara Republik Federal Papua Barat, (NRFPB)), the West Papua Nationwide Coalition for Liberation (Indonesian: Koalisi Nasional Papua Barat untuk Pembebasan or WPNCL) and the West Papua Nationwide Parliament (Indonesian: Parlemen Nasional Papua Barat or WPNP).

In 2014, ULMWP was first declared in Vanuatu, the core crew consisting of Octovianus Mote (representing NFRPB) as secretary basic, Benny Wenda (representing WPNP) because the worldwide spokesperson, and Rex Rumakiek (WPNCL), Jacob Rumbiak (NFRPB) and Leonie Tanggahma (WPNCL) as the manager committee.

Not solely serving to & creating these separatists group of West Papua in Vanuatu. On the start of August 2018, Vanuatu appointed Laura Lini, Walter Lini daughter, as a particular spokesperson to help the West Papua subject. This was warmly welcomed by the ULMWP spokesman, Jacob Rumbiak, “We’re happy and impressed, and thank Overseas Minister Ralph Regenvanu for the appointment at this pivotal second in our wrestle,” he mentioned.

The Vanuatu authorities has interfered an excessive amount of with Indonesia’s inside affairs. The Indonesian authorities has a number of instances tried to determine a respectful relationship with Vanuatu utilizing Checkbook Diplomacy method. For instance, Indonesia offering 25 hand tractors for the Vanuatu authorities which was then represented by Vanuatu’s Minister of Agriculture, Hon. David Tosul MP and Vanuatu Director Basic of the Ministry of Agriculture Howard Aru.

In 2015, Indonesia despatched US$2 million price of humanitarian support to Vanuatu, which was devastated and economically crippled by an enormous tropical cyclone that hit the Pacific island nation in March 2015. It was Indonesian dedication to strengthening bilateral relations with Vanuatu by offering not solely humanitarian support but in addition help in dealing with pure disasters, such because the reconstruction and rehabilitation processes.

Sadly, these “support” didn’t have a lot impact because the Vanuatu Authorities continued to help the separatist teams of West Papua and even facilitated and hosted a reconciliation occasion for a number of teams of Free West Papua teams. Vanuatu has lengthy backed the separatist teams with sensible and diplomatic support.

Indonesia is just not happy with Vanuatu’s stance to hold out the curiosity of separatism via the politicization of the human rights subject in Papua. On three March 2017, the Indonesian delegates conveyed their condemnation when attending the occasion held by Vanuatu and Solomon Islands on the 34th Session of UNHRC in Geneva. The Indonesian delegates within the discussion board rejected the blind accusations, incapable of understanding, and Vanuatu’s reluctance to know the true situations in West Papua. The delegate additionally highlighted that Indonesia is just not a colonial state and has by no means been a colonial state. The bilateral relationship between Indonesia and Vanuatu should be primarily based on mutual respect for his or her respective sovereignty and territorial integrity.

Melanesian Socialism West Papua Music

Laura Lini’s father, Walter Lini, is Vanuatu’s “Father of Proclamation” who created the idea of “Melanesian Socialism” for the Melanesian race and the Southern Pacific area. He believed that the ideology of socialism is probably the most appropriate ideology for the Melanesian race as a result of it helps widespread possession reasonably than particular person possession. But, he argued that this Melanesian Socialism doesn’t should be oriented to Russia or China, however is extra inclined to encourage the unification of Melanesian-race international locations. To widespread this idea within the main international locations of South Pacific, Walter Lini took a Papuan musician who later grew to become one of many OPM figures in Vanuatu, Andy Ayemiseba in 1983.

The idea of “Melanesian Socialism” then developed into an effort to unite the Melanesian-race international locations. The Vanuatu authorities additionally helps the separatist group of New Caledonia, Kanak Socialist Nationwide Liberation Entrance (FLNKS), to separate from France. It deteriorated the connection between Vanuatu and France, despite the fact that at the moment the French authorities was one of many essential supporters of bettering Vanuatu’s economic system after Vanuatu’s independence.

Vanuatu realized that the territory of the Melanesian-race international locations within the South Pacific is a strategic area. Due to this fact, international locations with nice financial energy try to strengthen their affect on this area. The Vanuatu authorities receives many financial advantages from the checkbook diplomacy actions of different international locations. The Vanuatu authorities cunningly exploit the starvation of huge financial powers to instill affect within the Pacific international locations.

Not solely utilizing the scenario merely a squabble for affect in South Pacific, Vanuatu can also be making an attempt to take the most important position because the chief of the Melanesian-race international locations. Due to this fact, Vanuatu was prepared to lose good relations with France, who was considered one of their essential supporters of economic system, to help the New Caledonia separatist group, the FLNKS, the place in keeping with I-Scope’s analysis, New Caledonians are more likely to vote to stay part of France.

Vanuatu’s help of the independence is just not and not using a price. Vanuatu has their very own political curiosity to guide the states of Melanesians to extend their affect within the Pacific area, considered one of their methods is thru supporting the separatist independence teams in Melanesians areas. If Vanuatu not sees any help for them to guide the states of Melanesians, they’ll merely withdraw their actions of supporting the separatist teams. What Vanuatu is doing immediately is an effort to construct unity amongst Melanesian international locations by breaking Indonesia’s unity. It’s Vanuatu’s effort to have a strategic place in Pacific areas by superbly crafted the problem of human rights abuses in West Papua West Papua Music

West Papua Indonesia

West Papua Indonesia – The separatist group’s efforts in mobilizing mainstream assist loyalist and independence events to outline the way forward for West Papua past the referendum had discovered a dead-end.

It is time for separatist teams to cease hiding behind the standing of an impartial Papuan political establishment. Identical to different separatist teams typically, their independence campaigns are sometimes pushed by ethnic, language and financial divisions.

Beforehand, UMLWP (United Motion of Liberation for West Papua) together with Vanuatu has actively mobilized assist from different Asia Pacific nations to deliver the problem of West Papua to the United Nation (UN) within the Pacific Islands Discussion board (PIF) session.

There are a number of issues that strengthen Indonesia’s sovereignty over West Papua, together with:

First, ethnic points. The separatist teams all the time put ethnicity as the primary motive of their motion. This occurred as a result of many thought of Melanesian as a special ethnicity from the remainder of Indonesian. Nevertheless, information stated that Indonesian have about 300 ethnic teams and 1,340 tribes. Indonesia won’t ever be one large ethnic group as a result of Indonesia is an archipelago consisting of 16,056 islands; Papua & West Papua are additionally part of this archipelago.

Based mostly on the most recent census, the inhabitants in West Papua reached 893,362 individuals (2016) and Papua reached 3.2 million individuals (2016). Transmigration that happens between areas in Indonesia can’t be prevented in order that different ethnic teams have mingled with Melanesians. Furthermore, Melanesian will not be solely present in West Papua, however in three different provinces in Indonesia: East Nusa Tenggara, Maluku and North Maluku.

This dynamic actually leaves a query mark, which voices of the Papuans this separatist group are literally preventing for? West Papua Indonesia

Second, the financial state of affairs of Papua & West Papua that also depends on Indonesia. Papua’s pure useful resource administration will not be so simple as what the separatist group advocates, there are numerous components that must be thought of together with: human sources, capital, expertise, entry to markets, and different elements. There are additionally state efforts that might not be seen and can’t be seen immediately similar to rising participation of native and indigenous communities, enhancing the standard of training and well being infrastructure, in addition to infrastructure improvement within the pure sources space in order that the weather of pure useful resource administration are more practical every year.

The separatist group made the political state of affairs unstable with numerous provocations that might trigger Papua’s financial system to say no. Furthermore, provincial funding nonetheless relies upon additionally on the central authorities by APBN (Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara or State Price range)  and Particular Autonomy Funds.

The existence of ULMWP Indonesia can’t be thought of mediocre. Certainly, the nation of Indonesia is a democratic nation however that doesn’t imply that this nation should be silent when there are teams of people who find themselves making an attempt to destroy the unity of their nation. If we speak about ethnic variations, language variations, and financial inequality, it is going to by no means finish.

What brought on 16,056 islands to turn into Indonesia? There is just one reply for this and that as a result of this nation unites itself and strengthens its nationalism primarily based on the 5 primary rules of Pancasila as its ideology: the Perception in One and Solely God, a Simply and Civilized Humanity, a Unified Indonesia, Democracy Led by the Knowledge of the Representatives of the Folks, and Social Justice for all Indonesians West Papua Indonesia

West Papua Map

West Papua Map – Ahead of the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Leaders Meeting that will be held from the 1st to 9th September 2018 in Nauru, a polemic emerged about the issue of West Papua in various mass media in Asia Pacific.

On 7-10 August 2018, the Vanuatu government presented a UN resolution draft for West Papua at the meeting of the Pacific Islands Committee (FOC) and Foreign Minister Meetings Forum held in Apia, Samoa.

Vanuatu had explicitly requested support from other Melanesian countries to support the resolution draft. Vanuatu has also appointed Lora Lini, the daughter of Vanuatu’s famous founding father, Walter Lini, as a Special Envoy on West Papua.

“My role as Special Envoy on the Decolonization of West Papua to the Pacific Island States is to bring the attention of states member of the Pacific Islands Forum to Vanuatu’s intention to table a UN Resolution for the decolonization of West Papua,” Lora Lini said.

Vanuatu and United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) continue to mobilize support for West Papua through mass media.

Unsurprisingly, on August 28, Ro Teimumu Kepa, Fiji Opposition Leader, urged the Fiji government to strongly support Vanuatu. Also on 30 August, the West Papua Action Auckland group has appealed to Prime Minister of New Zealand to support Vanuatu’s United Nations initiative.

However, other countries still remain in their stance. Papua New Guinea (PNG), Fiji, and New Zealand emphasized its impartiality on Vanuatu’s agenda in bringing the issue of West Papua to the UN. Because it has violated the domestic affairs of a country and is contrary to the rules of the UN.

In mid-August, PNG Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister, Rimbink Pato, highlighted that Papua New Guinea does not and will not support the issue of West Papua pushed by Vanuatu at the United Nations West Papua Map

“We object to it, so Papua New Guinea will not and does not support any action taken by Vanuatu, so we object it,” Rimbink Pato said.

Afterwards, on 28 August, the New Zealand Foreign Affairs Minister, Winston Peters said that his country recognizes West Papua as a part of Indonesia.

It is understandable that because of their racial bond, Asia Pacific countries will support each other’s development and progress.

But, there is an inclination to force the discussions about West Papua in various forums. In the PIF forum, for example, the agenda should focus on improving the economic and social welfare of the South Pacific by encouraging cooperation between governments and between international institutions.Viewing this matter from the PIF agenda itself, it is certainly not appropriate if the discussion about West Papua take place inside PIF forum.

Moreover, the discussion on West Papua always focuses on two things, namely the invalidation of the 1969 People Opinion Act (Penentuan Pendapat Rakyat or PEPERA) and the human rights cases allegedly occurred in West Papua.

PEPERA, Sovereignty, and Democracy

It is said that the denial of the right of self-determination for West Papua in the 1969s set the scene for decades of state-sanctioned violence against the indigenous population.

This context is not accompanied by the fact that the biggest human rights incident in West Papua happened in the end of Dutch colonialism era, all regions in Indonesia armed and fought to drive out the invaders. The Dutch-formed army (which became the forerunner of OPM – Organisasi Papua Merdeka, or Free Papua Movement) in West Papua sided with the Dutch to fight against pro-independence Indonesians.

Since Dutch colonial era, Papua was a part of the Dutch East Indies, which in recognition of sovereignty would become a part of the United Republic of Indonesia.

When the Dutch recognized Indonesia’s independence on December 27, 1949, Papua had yet to be reintegrated with Indonesia, as the Round Table Conference (KMB) conducted in Den Hague on August 23, 1949, agreed that all territories of Dutch colonies were to be part of the Republic of Indonesia, except for West Papua that would be returned to Indonesian jurisdiction 2 years later. In reality, the Dutch later violated the agreement, as they were still occupied Papua in 1961. They even planned measures to separate Papua from the Republic of Indonesia. The Papuan National Council (DNP, or Dewan Nasional Papua), the forerunner of the Free Papua Movement (OPM, or Organisasi Papua Merdeka), was hastily formed by the Dutch, followed by the declaration of a puppet state on December 1, 1961.

The cunning Dutch formed a puppet state in Papua, similar to what they had done in other regions of Indonesia, certainly causing an outrage among the Indonesian. Hence, on December 19, 1961, at the North Townsquare of Yogyakarta, Indonesian President Soekarno announced the People’s Triple Command (Operation Trikora) as an attempt to reunite West Irian with the Republic of Indonesia.

After tough diplomatic efforts facilitated by the United Nations (UN), the Dutch finally succumbed and signed the New York Agreement (NYA) with Indonesia on August 15, 1962. Indonesia was represented by Soebandrio and the Dutch was represented by Jan Herman van Roijen and C. W. A. Schurmann. The content of the agreement was essentially a roadmap for the attempt to resolve the dispute over the Papua/West Irian region. Five days later on September 20, 1962, the exchange of the ratification instrument between Indonesia and the Dutch was carried out, but that did not make it automatically come into force, because the UN was involved. Therefore, the UN brought the agreement to the UN General Assembly (UNGA). It was then accepted and ratified through the UNGA Resolution 1752 which came into force on September 21, 1962.

According to the NYA, the transfer of authority over West Papua from the Dutch to Indonesian government would be conducted indirectly. The Dutch would hand it over to the UN first, then the UN would hand it over to Indonesian government through a referendum known as PEPERA (Penentuan Pendapat Rakyat, or Determination of the People’s Opinion).

Ultimately, on October 1, 1962, the Deputy Governor General of the Netherlands H. Veldkamp surrendered his authority over West Papua to a UN agency specifically formed to deal with the Papuan dispute, named the United Nations Temporary Executive Authority (UNTEA).

UNTEA then prepared the referendum. On May 1, 1963, UNTEA finally handed over the governing of West Papua to Indonesia. Hollandia, which had been the center of power of the Dutch kingdom in Papua, was renamed to Kota Baru. The day is now commemorated as the Day of Return of Papua to the Republic of Indonesia. The history of Papua’s return to the Republic of Indonesia was also clarified by a historical witness, Herman Yoku, in recent years.

Lawsuits Against PEPERA Referendum

Three days later, precisely on May 4, 1963, Soekarno set foot on the land of Papua. In the presence of thousands of Papuans in Kota Baru, Soekarno delivered a passionate speech, “West Irian, since August 17, 1945, has been a territory of the Republic of Indonesia. People sometimes talked about bringing West Irian into the territory of Indonesia. That’s wrong! No! West Irian has always been a territory of the Republic of Indonesia…” (footage of Soekarno’s speech in Kota Baru, Jayapura, May 4, 1963). On September 5, 1963, West Papua was declared a “quarantined area”. Indonesian government disbanded the Papuan Council and prohibited the Papuan flag and national anthem created by the Dutch. This decision was opposed by the OPM.

The preparation for the referendum took seven years. Only in 1969, the referendum (PEPERA) was held, witnessed by two UN envoys. As a result, Papua finally returned to the Republic of Indonesia, becoming the 26th province of Indonesia under the name of Irian Jaya upon the wishes of the Papuan people. This decision, however, was again opposed by the OPM and several independent observers provoked by the Dutch.

To this day, OPM still has successors and propagates their version of history in order to bring about the ideals of a Free Papua. The assumption that the Dutch gave them independence has continued to be the foundation for this organization to act. In reality, the same promise of independence has also been offered to other Indonesian puppet states such as Yogyakarta. The separatist group, backed by the Dutch since the founding, sued the PEPERA for not truly representing the voice of the Papuan people as it did not implement the one man one vote mechanism. However, we cannot deny that the practice of democratic representation has become a part of the democratic culture in Indonesia as well as Papua. In the democratic culture of the Papuan people themselves, there is a system known as Noken, within a community in the Central Mountains of Papua, in which the vote is represented by the tribal chief.

The PEPERA Deliberation Council (DPM, or Dewan Musyawarah PEPERA) of 1,026 members became representatives of the Papuan population, which at the time were 815,904 residents. The DPM members consisted of traditional element (tribal chiefs) as many as 400 people, 360 people from the regional elements, and 266 people from various interest groups. The result, as stated within the acclamation of DMP representatives, was to remain within the Republic of Indonesia. Resolution 1504, stating that Papua is a legitimate territory of the Republic of Indonesia, was approved by 80 UN member states with 20 abstinent states. There was no country that refused the integration of Papua into Indonesian territory. Therefore, Papua was de facto recognized and legitimate as a part of the territory of the Republic of Indonesia. Today, what is worth wondering is actually the legitimacy of the OPM—whether OPM is genuinely the voice of the Papuan people, or only the specific interest of the separatist group—as there is no reliable method that can really ensure whether what they are doing is truly on behalf of the Papuan people.

Melanesian Ethnicity vs Indonesian Ethnicity

The ethnicity issues are also questionable. Indonesian ethnicity is often distinguished from the Melanesian. Whereas in fact, there are 13 millions Melanesians live in five Indonesian provinces: East Nusa Tenggara, Papua, West Papua, Maluku, and North Maluku.

The Republic of Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world, ranged from Sabang in Aceh to Merauke in Papua, which consists of 17,504 islands, 1,340 tribes, and 742 languages. Indonesia declared Pancasila as the basic principle and the original values guiding the life of the people of the Nusantara Archipelago. Although these people consist of many ethnic entities each with its own culture, they had the values of Pancasila as a common denominator.

Indonesia government recognized Papuan’s Melanesian identity through Law No. 21/2001 on the Papua province special autonomy. They are considered to be a part of the culturally and multi-ethnically diverse nation of Indonesia. Indonesia is one of the world’s largest and most diverse nation. In short, the Melanesian identity was a blessing to Indonesia’s Bhinneka Tunggal Ika or Unity in Diversity.

Since the start of its independency, Indonesia has shown and applied Pancasila’s value. It was used to unify people from diverse religious, social and ethnic backgrounds. It was used to rally people against the Dutch and various rebellions in the 1950s and 1960s. It was also used to temper the minorities’ fears of a tyranny of the majority by stressing the religious harmony, humanism, and equality among people from various backgrounds.

West Papua is home for 312 different tribes, including some unreachable ones. The diversity of people in West Papuan has already shown how Indonesia can unify all of them under one roof.

West Papua Today

Apart from discussions on PEPERA and Human Rights cases, support groups for the liberation of West Papua have never discussed the economic development in Papua now. This is a concern for leaders of Asia Pacific countries.

“If you were to examine the economic and social conditions of West Papua per capita as opposed to Papua New Guinea (PNG), even PNG would acknowledge that their (West Papua) performance is higher.” Winston Peters, New Zealand Foreign Affairs Minister, said.

“Before we went, we had been listening to the other side of the story. And the story we heard, which we were always hearing at that time, were that there is always human rights abuse, there is always a fight for independence, someone is being killed and all that. It’s one-sided, all one-sided.” Rence Sore, The Solomons’ Secretary on Foreign Relations, said that when they went to Papua region, the story was entirely different.

The blooming development in West Papua that has never been discussed by separatist groups and their supporters includes:

Infrastructure Development

The government is working with the Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing (PU-Pera) to build the Trans-Papua road. This infrastructure is targeted to be connected entirely in 2018-2019. The length of the road is a combination of the Trans-Papua road in Papua Province, which covers 3,259.45 km and the Trans-Papua road in West Papua Province along 1,070.62 km. With the existence of Trans-Papua, Indonesia wants to facilitate access to the economy, health and education for the people of Papua and West Papua. The government allocated Rp 2.3 trillion to encourage infrastructure development, especially roads building in Papua.

Health Program West Papua Map

The Head of Manokwari Branch Health of BPJS (Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial or Social Security Organization), Florinsye Tamonob, said that currently 97.07% of the 1,180,658 total population of West Papua have participated in the National Healthy Card-Indonesia Health Insurance Program (JKN-KIS).
At present, all residents of indigenous Papuans, especially in the Province of West Papua have been registered in the Health Insurance Program and all contributions will be financed by the Regional Government whose budget comes from Special Autonomy funds.

 

One Fuel Price

In 2017, Indonesia President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) instructed his staff to implement a one-price fuel oil policy (BBM) in all parts of Indonesia. This policy has also been applied for Papua and West Papua. The purpose of this policy is to make the fuel prices in Papua and West Papua can similar as in Java. This policy reduces the price of fuel which could have been around 60,000 to 100,000 per liter to 8,000 – 9,700 per liter.

Bright Papua Program (Program Papua Terang)

The government together with PT PLN (Persero) has a target to supply electricity to 1,200 villages throughout the provinces of Papua and West Papua until 2018. Now, the addition of electricity has been carried out to 435 villages. The government is trying to make the amount of drainage and electricity availability in the province reach 95% in 2018 and 100% by the end of 2019.

Nowadays, Indonesia is still in conflict with separatist groups. However, several former separatists have even acknowledged themselves as a part of Indonesia now, such as Herman Yoku, a former OPM (Organisasi Papua Merdeka, or Free Papua Movement) activist, who revealed that the separatist movement of Papua was camouflage arranged by the Dutch and not the true voice of Papuan people.

Indonesia cannot change the history. The Republic of Indonesia with 17,504 islands, 1,340 tribes, and 742 languages ​​requires support from Asia Pacific countries to maintain the sovereignty of the country.